Fish are vertebrates that live in water. They breathe using special organs called gills. Proper fish care is essential to the health and well-being of your fish.
Taking care of fish does take a bit more than just feeding your pets, but it’s not hard and the results are fun and rewarding. Pet fish can make a wonderful addition to your family.
Ich, Ick, or White Spot Disease is usually caused by poor water quality, overcrowded aquarium or when a sudden temperature change occurs.
When water temperature changes inside the tank, this provides an ideal opportunity for parasites to breed.
This disease also occurs when fish are stressed or when a new and infected fish is added to the community.
Whether coming from the wild or farm-raised, the handling and shipping of the fish from their origin to a wholesaler, then to a retailer, and finally to your home is extremely stressful.
- Small white spots on its gills, body and fins.
- Disordered swimming.
- If you fish is not eating or spitting back out its food, this may be a sign of stress and disease.
- Start to itch against the side of the tank.
- Breathing Problem because of less oxygen level
Ich Life Cycle
Fish showing signs of irritation and the appearance of small white nodules. Parasite grows it feeds on red blood cells and skin cells. After a few days it bores itself out of the fish and falls to the bottom of the aquarium.
After falling to the bottom, the adult parasite forms into a cyst with rapid cell divisions occurring.
About 1000 free swimming young swim upwards looking for a host. If a host is not found within 2 to 3 days, the parasite dies. Once a host is found the whole cycle begins anew.
- Purchase healthy and disease free fish.
- Never buy fish from a tank that contains a dead or a diseased fish.
- Always place new fish in a proper quarantine tank for a minimum of two weeks before introducing them into your tank.
- Never buy plants from a source that keeps them in a fish tank with fish
- Maintain a high quality water by doing regular water changes
- Do not overstock your tank
- Feed your fish a varied, healthy and tasty food
Raising the temperature of tropical aquarium water to 30 degrees Celsius (86 degrees Fahrenheit) and cold water aquarium to 22 degrees Celsius (71.6 degrees Fahrenheit) can be very effective in the early stages of the illness.
Always perform a water change and vacuum your gravel before you administer the medicine. Medicine is more effective in a clean tank without other dissolved organics or nitrates to get in the way.
Remove the carbon from your filter as the carbon can neutralize or entrap medicines added to the tank.
Malachite green works to damage all cell’s ability to produce energy which is vital for metabolic processes. A disadvantage to this method is that not all fish can tolerate the treatment.
Formalin kills microorganisms by reacting with a cell’s proteins and nucleic acids which alter the cell’s function and structure and often used to preserve biological specimens.
Anti-parasitics should be of the antibiotic type, specifically for anaerobes. This way they don’t attack the aerobic de-nitrifying bacteria in the aquarium.
|Swim to surface more often due to difficulty breathing||Antibiotic anti-parasitic medicine specifically for anerobes||Maintain balanced pH level|
|Protruding eyes||Raising tank water temperature||Replace water with water of same temperature|
|White spots on fins and body||Malachite green dye||Quarantine new fish for two weeks before introduction|
|Disoriented swimming||Boil new ornaments and stones before introduction|